A key course in any great education.
LATIN II IS A YEAR-LONG COURSE FOR STUDENTS IN GRADES 7-12.
Latin II focuses students on more complex grammatical concepts such as participles, the indirect statement, the subjunctive mood, a variety of clauses, and the comparison of adjectives and adverbs. Leveraging the time-tested Wheelock's Latin curriculum, students develop Latin skills, as well as an appreciation for this beautiful language, by studying ancient passages by Latin authors. Students build translation skills and sharpen their intellect and reasoning skills, all while reading classical and ecclesiastical Latin literature. Students will enjoy greater mastery of the English language, enhance their abilities in other languages like Spanish, French, and Italian, and even enjoy the proven benefit of enhanced performance on standardized tests like the SAT. Latin II is offered in You Teach and Live Online formats.
The Veritas Approach to Latin
Latin’s a dead language. Almost. Latin is spoken only in the Vatican. So, it’s only almost dead. A dead language is “one that is no longer the native language of any community.” Since we don’t learn Latin primarily to speak it, some wonder why we should learn it at all.
We’re occasionally asked, “Why Latin? Why not Spanish or French? At least we’d have our children learning a language that would be useful.” And it would be—especially if they live in Miami or Montreal.
Don’t be fooled. The reasons children should learn Latin are not the same reasons they should learn a modern foreign language. And they shouldn’t learn Latin in the same way they learn modern foreign languages.
When learning a modern foreign language, you will almost always use what is called BICS (Basic Interpersonal Communicative Skills). This sort of learning focuses on the language skills needed to get along with others. Learning to speak Italian will allow you to travel to Italy quite enjoyably. While there, you’ll better understand local television. You might even negotiate more savings on the beautiful leather boots you want to bring home. BICS helps us learn to communicate in another language.
On the other hand, CALP (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency), will build our understanding of the language itself. The logic and power of the language will be learned. Word order, inflection, semantic structures, and grammar are all included. We are convinced classical languages in general, and Latin in particular, must be learned this way to secure the real benefit of studying them.
The renewed interest in classical education has necessarily brought a renewed interest in learning Latin. Sometimes a vocal minority of the more academic types can be heard expressing lofty, even esoteric ideas. One idea we’ve heard is that the most important reason to learn Latin is to read ancient works in the language in which they’ve been written. We don’t mind the thought, but few students will ever realize this reason for learning Latin. That level of mastery eludes the majority of today’s classically educated students. It’s a little like saying you shouldn’t learn to play golf unless you intend to play the PGA Tour.
At Veritas we’re a bit more practical. Here’s our list, presented from greatest to least importance, for why your children should learn Latin.
Mastering English – During the formative years of 3rd–6th grades, Latin students will develop their vocabulary faster, master English grammar more easily and build a storehouse of idioms and expressions to enhance their understanding of great literature and join the Great Conversation through the Great Books in later years. It is the reason they will quickly move their reading (and writing) abilities well beyond their peers. Students of Latin typically excel on standardized tests, especially English vocabulary. Most of English vocabulary is derived from Latin. Latin grammar is also ideal for learning the way all languages, including English, work.
Get closer to some of the most transformative ideas ever written – Consider how much the ancient Israelites, Greeks, and Romans have shaped our world. Their ideas—uttered in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin—built Western civilization. Some people study these classical languages to get closer to those original ideas. That’s why seminarians study the original languages of the Bible. Translations of extraordinary ideas can powerfully transform. How much more when understood in the language they were spoken!
Acceleration of all learning – This goes beyond reading and writing abilities. Dorothy Sayers says it quite well in The Lost Tools of Learning: “I will say at once, quite firmly, that the best grounding for education is the Latin grammar. I say this, not because Latin is traditional and medieval, but simply because even a rudimentary knowledge of Latin cuts down the labor and pains of learning almost any other subject by at least fifty percent.” It does this by honing skills of observation, memory, and comparison.
Learning modern foreign languages – Knowing Latin aids learning other languages, especially the romance languages; Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian. The overwhelming majority of the words in these languages derived from Latin, and their grammatical structure is similar to Latin, as well.
Learning the language of science, medicine, and related fields. – Theology, law, medicine, science, and philosophy use many Latin words or English words derived from Latin. A large portion of the root words for most of the modern sciences come from Latin.
The list is practical and straightforward. The first reason is so important that it’s the one thing I would tell a non-classical Christian school to add to the curriculum or tell any parent to include in their child’s education. Here’s evidence from a paper written by Nancy Mavrogenes that appeared in the academic journal Phi Delta Kappan in 1979 about a study in Iowa:
“In 1971, more than 4,000 fourth-, fifth- and sixth-grade pupils of all backgrounds and abilities received 15 to 20 minutes of daily Latin instruction. The performance of the fifth-grade Latin pupils on the vocabulary test of the Iowa Test of Basic Skills was one full year higher than the performance of control pupils who had not studied Latin. Both the Latin group and the control group had been matched for similar backgrounds and abilities.”
3rd – 5th
Live Online, You Teach
Latin Grammar 3, 4 & 5
Live Online, You Teach
Latin Grammar 5, Latin Transition A & B, Latin I
7th – 8th
Live Online, You Teach
Latin Transition A & B, Latin I & II
9th – 12th
Live Online, You Teach
Latin I & II, Latin Readings
Consider Facebook founder, Mark Zuckerberg. You probably know he attended Harvard, briefly. For high school, he attended Phillips Exeter Academy. On his Harvard application, he listed Latin as one of the languages he studied. He once quoted lines from the Aeneid in a public talk and now regards Latin as one of the keys to his success.
We could have listed more than a dozen reasons for studying Latin. It seemed best to keep the list short and to the point. Whether you agree with the list or not, it’s hard to disagree that the study of Latin is vital.